By ROCAYA SUMNDAD OTICAL YAHYA
MARAWI CITY: Residents of the Islamic City of Marawi will celebrate two holidays this week in a row. One is the charter day of the city and the other is the celebration of Amun Jadeed, the Muslim New Year.
On Wednesday, August 19th, they will mark its 80th Charter Day celebration, and on Thursday, August 20th, they will join the Muslims all over the world in commemorating Amun Jadeed, or the new year of the Muslims based on the Hijrih lunar calendar.
Mayor Gandamra issued on Tuesday, August 18, Memorandum No. 51 that declares Special Non-Working Holiday for Marawi City’s 80th Charter Day Celebration on August 19, 2020.
Gandamra also issued on the same day Memorandum No, 52 that declares August 20 as a legal holiday on the occasion of Amun Jadid, the first day of Muharram which is the first month in the Hijrah Calendar. Muharram 1st falls on Thursday, August 20 this year in the Gregorian calendar.
In the official Facebook account of the City government of Marawi, the city mayor addresses his constituents, “May you and your family have a bountiful Islamic New Year!”
The former Dansalan
Marawi City was a municipality named Dansalan, capital of the defunct undivided Lanao province in the Philippines from 1907 to 1940, first under the government of the Moro Province, the Department of Mindanao and Sulu, the Bureau of Non-Christian Tribes, the Commonwealth, and finally the Republic.
The granting of a charter to the old Dansalan Municipality was jointly conceived by Commonwealth President, Manuel L. Quezon and Assemblyman, later Senator Tomas L. Cabili.
The changing of the official name from Dansalan to Marawi was through Congressional amendment of the Charter in 1956 sponsored by Senator Domocao Alonto.” This is embodied in Republic Act No. 1552 dated June 16, 1956.
Under the impact of Islamic awareness and consciousness, the renaming of Marawi City into Islamic City of Marawi was proposed in Parliamentary Bill No. 261 by former Assemblyman Jamail Dianalan, brother of former late Mayor Omar Dianalan.
Professor Talib Benito in his thesis work entitled:, “the Renaming of Marawi City into Islamic City of Marawi: An Attitudinal Study Among City Residents in 1983,” revealed that the bill was read before the Batasan floor during its second session on July 24, 1979, and was transmitted to and received by the Committee on Local Government and Community Development on August 2,1979. The bill is expected to be finally deliberated and adopted by the Congress.
Republic Act No. 6734- “An Act Providing for an Organic Act for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao” as amended by Republic Act No. 9054 “An Act to strengthen and expand the Organic Act for the ARMM ” and the Muslim Mindanao Autonomy Acts. During the 1990 plebiscite, the people of Marawi City voted against the inclusion of the City in the ARMM. Therefore, Executive Order No. 429 dated October 12, 1990, provides the transfer of the City to Region 1X.
Another plebiscite was scheduled toward the end of 2002. Despite government campaigning for a yes vote in many provinces in Southern Mindanao, only one more province (Basilan) and one city (Marawi) voted to be included in the expanded ARMM.
Marawi City is thickly populated by a Muslim Meranao. The 77 years old City was expected to be one of the progressive cities in the Philippines.
Nevertheless, by an act of the Sangguniang Panlungsod sometimes ago, Marawi has been called ‘Islamic City of Marawi.’ RSOY